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THE SAAL PROCESS: ARCHITECTURE AND PARTICIPATION, 1974-1976
from 01 NOV 2014 to 01 FEB 2015
This is the first major exhibition on SAAL [Local Ambulatory Support Service], an architectural and political project created just months after the April 1974 Revolution in Portugal. This merging of architecture and the needs of underprivileged populations by involving them in direct participation was one of the most compelling European projects of its time. SAAL was crucial to the internationalization of Portuguese architecture, and would transform the perception of many architects in their understanding of social housing.  
The exhibition presents 10 exemplary SAAL projects that were realized, including architectural models, historical photographs, sound recordings and documentaries of the time in 8mm and 16mm film. The exhibition also promotes a contemporary reflection on SAAL and its repercussions with a series of photographic commissions on the current state of some of the emblematic SAAL projects by photographers André Cepeda, José Pedro Cortes and Daniel Malhão, together with an environmental installation by Ângela Ferreira that deals with the historical and political memory of this influential and bold moment of Portuguese architecture and society.

The exhibition is curated by Delfim Sardo, Portuguese independent curator, Artistic Director of Lisbon’s Architecture Triennal of 2010, and is organized by the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art in collaboration with the Canadian Center for Architecture, Montreal.


Dates of exhibition:
Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art, Porto: 31 Oct 2014 - 01 Feb 2015
Canadian Center for Architecture, Montreal: 12 May through 4 October 2015


Related Activities
OPENING

31 OCT (FRI), 22:00, FREE ENTRANCE
GUIDED TOURS AND TALKS

01 NOV (SAT), 16H00, MUSEUM GALLERIES
Guided tour by Delfim Sardo (curador da exposição) and José António Bandeirinha

15 NOV (SAT), 15H00, MUSEUM GALLERIES
Guided tour for Members by Arqª Ana Vieira

29 NOV (SAT), 17H30, MUSEUM GALLERIES
Conversation by André Cepeda, José Pedro Cortes and Daniel Malhão. 

10 JAN (SAT), 16H00-19H00, AUDITORIUM
Talk - Photography, modes of use
Participants: André Cepeda, Ângela Ferreira, Nuno Crespo, Filomena Silvano e Pedro Alfacinha
Moderation: Ricardo Nicolau and Liliana Coutinho
More information here

23 JAN (FRI), 19H30, MUSEUM GALLERIES
Guided tour by representants of Moradores dos Bairros SAAL
GUIDED TOURS BY MUSEUM EDUCATION STAFF

Access: by purchase of Museum+Park ticket 

02 NOV (SUN), 12H00–13H00, MUSEUM GALLERIES
By Ana vieira

07 DEC (SUN), 12H00–13H00, MUSEUM GALLERIES
By Andreia Coutinho

25 JAN (SUN), 12H00–13H00, MUSEUM GALLERIES
By Ana Vieira


Open talks at SAAL-North neighborhoods

08 and 22 NOV; 13 DEC; 17 JAN (SAT), 16H00-18H00
Open talks at SAAL-North neighborhoods: Bouça, Leal, Antas, São Vitor
08 nov: Bairro da Bouça 
22 nov: Bairro do Leal
13 dec: Bairro das Antas
17 jan: Bairro de São Vitor
THEATRE / PERFORMANCE / MUSIC / INSTALLATION

09 NOV (SUN), 18H00, MUSEUM GALLERIES 
CONCERT / PERFORMANCE ABOUT PHOTOGRAPHS FROM THE SAAL PROCESS DO ARQ. ALEXANDRE ALVES COSTA  
JORGE QUEIJO
Concert / Performance by Marta Bernardes, with manipulation of the turntable by Pedro Augusto and music by Iannis Xennakis – a composer to closer to this movement in his creative process, music and architecture –, on the basis of the documentary archive of the popular movement in the SAAL process, pertaining to the architect Alexandre Alves Costa.   

23 NOV (SUN), 18H00, AUDITORIUM
NEIGHBOURHOOD
ANA LUÍSA VELOSO    
Using a set of guitars, Ana Luísa Veloso and Gil Teixeira create an "ecosystem" that is developed from the relationships and interactions established by some initial sound and musical ideas. These ideas may arise from pre-recorded sounds (e.g. field recordings) or guitars that, fitted with amplifiers devices and distributed around the stage, act as loudspeakers.

14 DEC (SUN), 18H00, BAIRRO DA BOUÇA
COMPOSITION FOR 128 HOMES  
MARTA BERNARDES AND JORGE QUEIJO
A visual, sound and performance work that uses architectural and human space as a compositional material. The performance features Bouça’s residents and is divided into three movements, corresponding to the neighbourhood’s three main corridors. During the presentation, the sounds and actions will be produced by the residents through windows and balconies, while the audience will be located in the space between each row of houses.
 
11, 18 AND 25 JAN (SUN), 16HOO, BAIRRO DO LEAL
SAAL MUSEUM – RESIDENTS’ MEMORIES  
TEATRO DO VESTIDO     
Written, staged and directed by Joana Craveiro, and performed by Vitor Hugo Pontes, this "guided tour" explores the memories of the SAAL process and the city prior to this process, marked by poverty and precarious housing. It brings us memories of places that no longer exist, but which still persist in the memories and testimonies of the neighbourhood’s residents. 
 
24 JAN (SAT) AND 01 FEB (SUN), AUDITORIUM FOYER
HOUSING BLOCK 
PEDRO AUGUSTO (GHUNA X)   
Using audiovisual material gathered from several neighbourhoods involved in the SAAL process, this installation presents a fictionalized portrait of a housing complex, which conveys the movements and the dynamics of its inhabitants.  

01 FEB (SAT), 18H00
THE RIGHT TO A HOUSE AND A SMILE IN THE PHOTOS  
TEATRO DO VESTIDO     
This performance-based lecture, written and performed by Joana Craveiro, is inspired by the life stories of some of the residents of the SAAL neighbourhoods in Porto, as well as the memories of some of the architects and technicians of the brigades. Consisting of testimonies, original archive documents, photographs, the lecture is another item in the "Living Museum of Small and Forgotten Memories", constructed by the Teatro do Vestido, that refers to Portugal’s recent history.  
INTERNATIONAL COLLOQUIUM

14, 15 AND 16 NOV (FRI, SAT, SUN), COLÉGIO DAS ARTES, COIMBRA
74–14 / SAAL AND ARCHITECTURE  #
Organised by the Centre of Social Studies and by the Architecture Department of the FCTUC / Coimbra, in partnership with the Serralves Foundation, the April 25 Documentation Centre and Docomo Internacional, this colloquium aims to discuss the SAAL process, as a historic model, but from the perspective of contemporaneity, in particular its current relevance for reflection about the question of housing. 
Further information at http://www.ces.uc.pt/eventos/saal/


CINEMA
A film series that aims to contribute to the designing the context in which the SAAL process affirmed itself. The series will present films derived from the dynamics of the process itself, previous films that portrayed the country and its shortages and more recent film production, that looks back retrospectively at this pivotal moment in Portugal’s collective history. The sessions are accompanied by comments by protagonists of the SAAL process, privileged observers or the films’ directors.

27 NOV (THU), 21H30, Session presented and discussed by José António Bandeirinha and Margarida Coelho
- Manuela Bacelar - Young Gypsies (1975), 24’  
- Cinequipa - Right to Housing (1976), 45’  
- Luís Filipe Rocha - Barronhos – Who was afraid of people power? (1976), 53’

28 NOV (FRI), 21H30. Session presented and discussed by Catarina Alves Costa and José Veloso
- Catarina Alves Costa - Houses for the People (2010), 15’  
- António da Cunha Teles - Continuing to Live or the Indians of Meia Praia (1976), 110’

29 NOV (SAT), 15H30, Session presented and discussed by Julião Sarmento and Eduardo Souto de Moura
- Fernando Lopes - Belarmino (1964), 74’

29 NOV (SAT), 21H30, Session presented by Pedro Costa and Abílio Fernandes
- Paulo Rocha - Os Verdes Anos (1963), 91’  
- José Ernesto de Sousa - Dom Roberto (1962), 102’ 

30 NOV (SUN), 15H30, Session presented and discussed by Alexandre Alves Costa and André Tavares
Filipa César Porto, 1975 (2010), 10’  Pedro Mesquita  Paredes Meias / Half Walls (2009), 53’ 

30 NOV (SUN), 21H30, Session presented and discussed by Alexandre Alves Costa and André Tavares
- Fernando Lopes - Habitat. A challenge (1976), 24’  
- João de Dias - Operations of SAAL (2006), 120’
FAMILY WORKSHOP

24 JAN (SAT), 16H30–18H30, MULTIPURPOSE ROOM
MY HOME, OUR STREET
Workshop by Ana Vieira and Andreia Coutinho 

The Exhibition


Methodology


SAAL Porto


SAAL Lisboa


SAAL Setúbal

SAAL Algarve

Corridor

O SAAL now - invited guests

Beyond the exhibition

Social context Pre SAAL

The Process

The geographical specificities in SAAL

Perspective on the current situation


The projects presented have been selected on the basis of their specific characteristics, in particular the social dynamics that they promote, the architectural issues that they raise, the controversy that they have created in terms of the project itself and the political involvement of the local population, or due to issues relating to the urban development plan that they helped reformulate. 

PORTO
Bairro São Vítor (Arq.º Álvaro Siza Vieira)
Bairro Antas (Arq.º Pedro Ramalho)
Bairro Miragaia (Arq.º Fernando Távora, Arq.º Bernardo Ferrão e Arq.º Jorge Barros)
Bairro Leal (Arq.º Sérgio Fernandez)

LISBOA
Bairro Curraleira – Embrechados (Arq.º José António Paradela e Arq.º Luís Gravata Filipe) 
Bairro Quinta da Bela Flor (Arq.º Artur Rosa)
Bairro Bacalhau-Monte Côxo (Arq.º Manuel Vicente)
Bairro Quinta das Fonsecas ? Quinta da Calçada (Arq.º Raúl Hestnes)

SETÚBAL
Bairro Casal da Figueira (Arq.º Gonçalo Byrne)

ALGARVE
Bairro Meia-Praia-Apeadeiro, Lagos (Arq.º José Veloso).

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  • LocationSerralves Museum
  • Days 01 NOV 2014 - 01 FEB 2015

Exhibition Catalogue


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Serralves