In the 1960s and 1970s, there was a paradigm shift in artistic styles, including the field of sculpture, as highlighted in this exhibition of works by Ângelo de Sousa, João Machado and Zulmiro de Carvalho.
Held in the Palácio da Bolsa building, this exhibition features sculptures from the Serralves Collection, including several works that occupy the floor area, without requiring a plinth, and others that convey visible concerns with ideas of seriality, industrial manufacture and technical literality (what we see is actually what we see). These elements are sufficient for us to realise that Portuguese sculptors have produced many sculptures that confront us with artistic traditions that have fostered an increasingly direct contact between art works and the general public - ranging from pop art to British abstract sculpture, and also including North American minimalism.
This exhibition is fruit of a partnership between the Palácio da Bolsa and the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art in Porto, whereby works from the Serralves Collection are displayed in the Palace’s historic interiors.
: Fundação de Serralves
Palácio da Bolsa
Rua Ferreira Borges,
Everyday, from 9:00 am to 06:30 pm
ÂNGELO DE SOUSA
Born in 1938, Maputo, Mozambique. Died in 2011, Porto.
This series of Untitled sculptures, produced by Ângelo de Sousa between 1970 and 1972, consist of seven stainless steel elements affixed by steel screws. It can be viewed as a materialization of a drawing, another medium in which the artist has excelled.
The artist’s sculptures can be considered an exercise of drawing in space, in which the adopted form is a consequence of that which can be achieved using the chosen material. It is not, however, a question of giving volume to a two-dimensional representation in a project-based context. The deliberately improvised appearance of his works stems from ‘a certain premeditated approach, in the sense of letting things happen’. The artist is interested in rendering his working process transparent by producing sculptures based on simple actions, such as cutting and folding, fully respecting the materials’ physical characteristics.
Born in 1942, Coimbra.
João Machado has become an influential graphic designer, responsible for the renewal of graphic arts in Portugal. It is therefore curious that his sculptures are now interpreted retrospectively in light of his design projects. The latter’s characteristics are used to define his concerns as a sculptor, in particular the stylization of forms and the use of bright colours.
ZULMIRO DE CARVALHO
Born in 1940, Valbom.
Zulmiro de Carvalho has developed his work in the fields of sculpture and drawing. After working primarily with iron, the artist has extended the range of materials used to include stone and wood. His work is characterized by formal modular systems, reminiscent of minimalism, and by questioning aspects associated with the tradition of sculpture. The artist’s sculptural work highlights structural detachment and essentiality, characterized by the use of regular lines, textures and colour, and simple and repetitive forms.